Fagus sylvatica ‘Atropurpurea’

This purple-leaved form of the European beech i.e. Purple Beech Hedge tolerates a wider range of soils than the American Beech (Fagus grandifolia). Fagus sylvatica Atropurpurea Group is a particular strain of seedlings that have deep purple coloration instead of the green typical of the species; seedlings with this unique attribute are considered to be a form of the European beech known as the Atropurpurea group. This group includes a variety of purple-leaved European beech trees with many different leaf colors, from pale purple with tints of green to bronze-purple and even a dark purple that is nearly black. As a low-branched deciduous tree, Copper beech works well as a hedge with regular pruning.



European beech (Fagus sylvatica) is native to the woodlands of southern and central Europe. It was brought to America in the middle of the 18th century and it has been a popular ornamental shade tree ever since. Purple beech, or Copper beech, is the deep purple colored seedlings that are selected from European Beech seedlings. When planted as a hedge, the result is a dramatic, colorful, and stunning.

USDA Hardiness Zones: 4 - 7
Sun/Shade: Full Sun
Deer Resistance: YES
Watering Requirements: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Mature Size: Up to 12’ height and 4’ width
Drought Tolerance: Moderate
West Coast - Sunset Heat Zones: 1 - 9 and 14 - 24
Pest/Disease Issues:
No serious insect or disease problems. Beech scale is an occasional problem.

Landscape Gallery

  • 53426-fagus-beech-purple-copper-hedge-border-flower-bed-lawn-suburban-garden-cottage-summer-contemporary-landscape

    Purple or copper beech creates striking color contrast with flowers and lawn.

  • 55818-fagus-beech-green-purple-copper-hedge-path-formal-modern-estate-garden-varied-heights-design-landscape

    A striking formal garden can be created using simply beech hedges of varying heights and colors

  • 56958-fagus-beech-copper-purple-hedge-varied-height-window-prune-suburban-garden-path-room-summer

    The purple and copper coloring of this beech are simply stunning

  • 34856-Fagus-beech-hedge-Taxus-yew-boxwood-Buxus-country-garden

    Different forms and shapes of hedges can be created using compact, easy-to-prune boxwood (Buxus) hedges. Also featured here is a purple and green mixed European beech (Fagus sylvatica) \hedge row in the back.

  • 34882-Buxus-boxwood-Fagus-beech-hedge-formal-garden

    A low boxwood (Buxus) hedge for a formal knot garden looks great with a mixed purple and green European beech (Fagus sylvatica) hedge.

  • 34883-Fagus-hedge-beech-path-formal-estate-garden

    Interplanting purple and green beech trees to form a multi-colored hedge creates a delightful backdrop.

  • 56807-fagus-beech-hedge-purple-copper-green-mixed-varied-height-path-doorway-arch-modern-contemporary-formal-estate

    fagus beech hedge purple copper green mixed varied height layers

  • 56809-fagus-beech-hedge-purple-green-copper-mixed-varied-height-layers-border-modern-contemporary-design-suburban-garden

    Borders can be more than just a green backdrop - make them the focal point by mixing colors and heights of beech hedge

  • 56964-fagus-beech-green-purple-mixed-hedge-patio-outdoor-dining-suburban-garden-room-window-border-table-bench

    This outdoor dining room is given separation from the rest of the garden by the surrounding beech hedges, but is not tall enough to impede the view or conversations

  • 00000105-Fagus-sylvatica-beech-hedge-fall-color-gold-yellow-orange-bronze-purple-green-copper

    European beech (Fagus sylvatica) foliage in autumn.

  • 1156571695-fagus-beech-hedge-purple-copper-path-driveway-country-cottage-garden

    Purple beech is a unique hedge that is sure to make an impact in any landscape design!

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