Fagus sylvatica f. Atropurpurea

Purple European Beech

This purple-leaved form of the European beech tolerates a wider range of soils than the American Beech (Fagus grandifolia). Purple beech is the common name for a particular strain of seedlings that have deep purple coloration instead of the green typical of the species; seedlings with this unique attribute are considered to be a forma of the European beech known as the Atropurpurea group. This group includes a variety of purple-leaved European beech trees with many different leaf colors, from pale purple with tints of green to bronze-purple and even a dark purple that is nearly black. As a low-branched deciduous tree, the purple beech works well as a hedge with regular pruning.

The tree is native to the woodlands of southern and central Europe. It was brought to America in the middle of the 18th century and it has been a popular ornamental shade tree ever since.


Deer Resistance: YES
Sunset Heat Zones: 1 - 9 and 14 - 24
USDA Hardiness Zones: 4 - 7
Watering Requirements: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Mature Size: Up to 12’ height and 4’ width
Sun/Shade: Full Sun
Drought Tolerance: Moderate
Pest/Disease Issues: No serious insect or disease problems. Beech scale is an occasional problem.