Shorter, 3-4' European beech (Fagus sylvatica) InstantHedge unit ready to ship.
Three European beech (Fagus sylvatica) InstantHedge units sit on a pallet ready to be shipped.
A 5-6' European beech (Fagus sylvatica) InstantHedge unit put in biodegradable cardboard ready to be planted.
Winter row of European beech (Fagus sylvatica).
This truck has been loaded with shorter yew (Taxus) hedges and taller European beech (Fagus sylvatica) hedges.
European beech (Fagus sylvatica) foliage in summer.
European beech (Fagus sylvatica) foliage in autumn.
European beech (Fagus sylvatica) hedgerow in mid-summer.
Many hedge units of yew (Taxus) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica) are stages on pallets and ready to ship!
- As a low-branched beech, with a trunk ranging from 2 to 4 feet in diameter, it works especially well for hedging.
- The Fagus sylvatica Hedge has a lovely bark that is smooth and silver-gray.
- The tree’s foliage turns bronze in fall and blooms with yellow-green flowers in the early spring. The male flowers in drooping globular clusters and the female flowers in short spikes, which fruit to edible beechnuts.
fagus sylvatica hedge details
There are a number of immediate benefits to choosing the European Beech hedge for your next hedge:
- Makes a uniquely attractive hedge with heavy pruning
- Tolerates a wider range of soils than other beeches
- Low-branched habit makes it suitable for hedging
As a large tree, the Fagus sylvatica Hedge works especially well in expansive outdoor spaces.
It has an attractive upright-oval to rounded-spreading crown when left alone and can be pruned to any desired hedge style.
Native to the woodlands of central and southern Europe, this hedge was brought to America by colonists in the mid-1700s and has remained a popular ornamental tree ever since. Also check out Copper beech hedge
|USDA Hardiness Zones:||5-8|
|Your Hardiness Zone:|
|Sun/Shade:||Full Sun to Partial Shade|
|Growth Rate:||Moderate, to 2’ per year|
|Mature Size:||Up to 12’ height and 4’ width|
|West Coast - Sunset Heat Zones:||2 - 9 and 14 - 21; A3|
|No major pest or disease issues. Beech scale is an occasional problem. Borers, beech bark disease, canker and powdery mildew are all possible.|
Using a beech hedge and arch creates an irresistable entry to the back yard of this cottage.
Purple or copper beech creates striking color contrast with flowers and lawn.
European beech (Fagus sylvatica) creates an effective screen and sound barrier along a busy road.
Walkways are evenly bordered with boxwood (Buxus) hedges while the entire country garden is framed with European beech (Fagus sylvatica).
Both a taller European beech (Fagus sylvatica) and a shorter yew (Taxus) hedge help to border this outdoor room.
European beech (Fagus sylvatica) creates a boundary between this cottage garden and an open field.
A serene backdrop is created by using European beech (Fagus sylvatica) for privacy on this city lot.
Multiple types of hedges can be used in a hotel courtyard like this to integrate several layers of textures and colors.
Stone features like this fountain are made more inviting with the use of a leafy hedge like this European beech (Fagus).
Even soon after planting, InstantHedges provide elegance and sophistication to a commercial landscape.
A European beech (Fagus sylvatica) InstantHedge can make this residential yard much more private and inviting.
What a stately, impressive entryway is created with these tall European beech (Fagus sylvatica) hedges lining the driveway.
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European beech (Fagus sylvatica) is a classic hedge choice that has been used to create beautiful hedges for thousands of years. Between its lush green foliage, lovely fall color, graceful form, leaf retention through winter, and incredible longevity, it has proven itself over time to be one of the best possible hedging choices available. It can be grown into a very large hedge over time, but it can also be kept small and very manageable with regular pruning. It has a low branching habit which makes it perfectly suited for hedging. It is an easy-to-grow hedge that tolerates a wide range of soils and other factors, and it is very cold-hardy.
European beech is one of the few popular hedges that can boast a stunning seasonal color change. First, in spring, leaves are fresh, bright green. For summer, they are deep green, smooth, and shiny. In fall, they turn various shades of copper, rust, and gold. Through winter, they are deep rust. Buds are long, pointed, and smooth.
Summer foliage on Fagus sylvatica
Fall foliage on Fagus sylvatica
This hedge branching patterns are smooth, graceful, and lovely. With nothing knobby or angular, Fagus hedge is always elegant. Even if branches are bare (perhaps from an early spring windstorm right before spring flush), they are smooth, silvery, and beautiful. It could be argued that there is not a day in the whole year when this hedge does not look lovely.
One huge benefit of choosing a beech tree is that, even though it is deciduous, it provides year-round privacy. After the leaves turn their lovely copper hues in autumn, they fade to the color of rich leather and cling to the branches until just before they flush for spring. Beech flies in the face of the reasoning that you must plant an evergreen hedge for year-round privacy.
Photo taken in late February in Oregon – Beech leaves still clinging to the branches!
There is perhaps no better example of this than the Meikleour Beech Hedge in Scotland. It was planted in 1745 and is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the highest hedge in the world. It was planted as a memorial for fallen soldiers and today is a popular tourist attraction. The hedge is still stunning despite its almost 300 years of age, although at 100 feet tall maintenance has become quite difficult! Although most of us don’t plan to maintain a hedge for more than a few decades, it is interesting to note that this tree can thrive in the same footprint for a very, very long time.
Beech is a forgiving and easy-to-grow hedge. We prefer to ship beech in fall, winter, or spring, but we can ship in summer if needed. The hedges will do just fine the next year if planted in summer, but there may be some premature browning of the leaves in the first summer of planting. For the best success, we do recommend planting while they are still dormant or just leaving/entering dormancy.
This hedge can be grown in full sun to full shade, making it wonderfully versatile for all kinds of locations. This is especially useful if you are planting a very long hedge that passes through areas with full sun and full shade, as you can use the same type of hedge throughout.
The best time to ship and plant beech hedges is in fall, winter, or early spring while still dormant. This puts the least amount of stress on the plants.
A generous application of mulch will help protect shallow roots in high-traffic areas
Beech is tolerant of a wide range of soils, even poor soils. Most roots grow in the upper two feet of the soil, so a generous application of mulch around the base of the hedge will help protect the roots, especially if you are planting in an area with high foot or vehicle traffic. The deepest roots typically reach a maximum of 7 feet. Beech is fairly drought-tolerant but will thrive better if provided ample water in summer.
The best time to prune a this hedge is when it is dormant in late fall, winter, or early spring. Beech has a moderate growth rate of 6-12 inches per year, so one yearly pruning should be plenty to keep it shaped and under control. Pruning in summer may cause stress to the plants.
Winter is the best time to prune beech hedges, or in late fall or early spring when they are still dormant.
Although beech does not thrive in salty coastal climates, it is tolerant of urban pollution and is a great city tree.
Beech is an excellent choice for urban plantings as it is tolerant of urban pollution.
There are no major pests for beech, and any issues can usually be cleared up without any permanent damage to the plants. Beech are mostly deer-resistant as well.
European beech has wonderful resistance to most pests and diseases, and is quite deer resistant as well (in winter when deer are hungry the beech don’t have anything for them to eat, and in summer the deer have other choices that they prefer).
The one pest unique to beech that you might notice is the Woolly Beech Aphid. It only affects beech plants and can be somewhat alarming to discover. The good news is that it won’t cause any permanent damage to the plants and is easy to treat. Typically, people don’t even bother to treat it because it is barely noticeable. The only annoying thing about it is the aphids produce a sticky “honeydew” on the leaves which may attract ants, and in severe infestations it can provide a place for a sooty black mold to grow. However, that is only in extreme cases which are rare.
Treatment can be as simple as blasting the affected leaves with a strong jet of water, or you can use an insecticidal soap or oil which has very low toxicity. Since these aphids only affect beech, you don’t need to worry about them spreading to other types of plants. Beneficial insects like ladybugs, lacewings, and parasitic wasps can also help control populations of the woolly beech aphid and other insect pests.
To learn more, visit https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?pid=725 and http://oregonstate.edu/dept/nurspest/woollybeechaphid.htm
Hardy to USDA Zone 5, beech is a great option for colder areas.
Why Choose InstantHedge?
Beech hedges are often purchased as bare-root trees or small whips. This will give you small plants for a low starting price. However, beech does not grow at a very fast rate, so you will have to wait 4-5 years to achieve a full, finished hedge. You will also run into problems with losing plants from disease and damage because of the stress caused by bare-rooting plants and planting too small.
Europeans developed a brilliant system that would allow people to buy an “instant hedge,” and we are proud to be the first and only nursery to bring the technology to the USA. When you purchase a beech InstantHedge, you are guaranteed a vigorous, healthy, finished hedge from day one. The hedges will arrive pre-spaced and pre-shaped with a vibrant root system that is ready to grow and establish. Why not start with a hedge that has already been finished by hedge experts?